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文化纵览——感恩节

Thanksgiving Day

Thanksgiving Day in the United States is a holiday on the fourth Thursday of November. It precedes Black Friday.

美国的感恩节节日是每年11月的第4个星期四,在黑色星期五的前一天。

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What Do People Do?

Thanksgiving Day is traditionally a day for families and friends to get together for a special meal. The meal often includes a turkey, stuffing, potatoes, cranberry sauce, gravy, pumpkin pie, and vegetables. Thanksgiving Day is a time for many people to give thanks for what they have.

Thanksgiving Day parades are held in some cities and towns on or around Thanksgiving Day. Some parades or festivities also mark the opening of the Christmas shopping season. Some people have a four-day weekend so it is a popular time for trips and to visit family and friends.

人们做什么?

传统上,感恩节是家人和朋友聚在一起享用特殊餐点的日子。他们的餐桌上通常会有火鸡,馅料,土豆,酸果蔓酱,肉汁,南瓜派和蔬菜。感恩节是人们对所拥有的东西表示感谢的时刻。

感恩节前后一些城镇会举行感恩节游行。这些游行或庆祝活动也标志着圣诞购物季的开幕。有些人会有一个为期四天的周末假期,他们通常会用这段时间来探访亲友。

Public Life

Most government offices, businesses, schools and other organizations are closed on Thanksgiving Day. Many offices and businesses allow staff to have a four-day weekend so these offices and businesses are also closed on the Friday after Thanksgiving Day. Public transit systems do not usually operate on their regular timetables.

Thanksgiving Day it is one of the busiest periods for travel in the USA. This can cause congestion and overcrowding. Seasonal parades and busy football games can cause disruption to local traffic.

公众生活

大多数政府办公室,企业,学校和其他组织会在感恩节放假,从感恩节当天到星期日,为期4天,所以这些机构和企业也会在感恩节后的星期五关闭。公共交通系统一般也不会按常规时间表运行。

感恩节是美国最繁忙的旅行时期之一。这可能会导致道路过度拥塞。季节性游行和频繁的足球比赛可能会导致当地交通中断。

Background

Thanksgiving Day has been an annual holiday in the United States since 1863. Not everyone sees Thanksgiving Day as a cause for celebration. Each year since 1970, a group of Native Americans and their supporters have staged a protest for a National Day of Mourning at Plymouth Rock in Plymouth, Massachusetts on Thanksgiving Day. American Indian Heritage Day is also observed at this time of the year.

背景

自1983年起,感恩节一直都是美国一年一度的节日。但并非所有人都在感恩节举行庆祝活动。从1970年开始的感恩节,在马萨诸塞州的普里茅斯,每年都有一群美洲原住民在普里茅斯岩石处为全国哀悼日举行抗议活动。所以每年的这个日子也被认为是美国印第安遗产日。

Thanksgiving Day

There are claims that the first Thanksgiving Day was held in the city of El Paso, Texas in 1598. Another early event was held in 1619 in the Virginia Colony. Many people trace the origins of the modern Thanksgiving Day to the harvest celebration that the Pilgrims held in Plymouth, Massachusetts in 1621. However, their first true thanksgiving was in 1623, when they gave thanks for rain that ended a drought. These early thanksgivings took the form of a special church service, rather than a feast.

In the second half of the 1600s, thanksgivings after the harvest became more common and started to become annual events. However, it was celebrated on different days in different communities and in some places there were more than one thanksgiving each year. George Washington, the first president of the United States, proclaimed the first national Thanksgiving Day in 1789.

有人称第一个感恩节是在1598年在得克萨斯州埃尔帕索市举行的。另一个早期事件是在1619年在弗吉尼亚殖民地举行的。许多人追溯现代感恩节的起源到朝圣者在1621年在马萨诸塞州普利茅斯举行的丰收庆祝活动。然而,他们的第一次真正的感恩节是在1623年,当时人们感谢降雨结束了干旱。这些早期的感恩节采取了一种特殊的教堂礼拜的形式,而不是一个节日。

在17世纪下半叶,丰收后的感恩活动变得更加普遍,并开始成为年度活动。然而,它在不同地方庆祝的时间也不一样,甚至有些地方每年不止有一个感恩节。美国第一任总统乔治华盛顿于1789年“官宣”了第一个全国性的感恩节。

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2018/11/22

Thursday

Happy Thanksgiving Day


感谢一直陪伴WECHATKA的你们

感恩所拥有的一切

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